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Exercises for Lesson 2

1. What are two general reasons for taking a patient's temperature?

a. __________

b. __________

2.  A person's temperature is considered to be within the "normal" temperature range if his body temperature is between __________  F and  __________F.

3.   The average body temperature (measured orally) is___________ .

4.   The part of the brain that controls the body's heat regulating mechanisms is called the .

5.   Which type of thermometer will measure a patient's temperature faster?

a.  Electric thermometer.

b.  Glass thermometer.

6.   What is the temperature reading of the Fahrenheit thermometer shown below? ___________

7. What is the temperature reading of the Celsius thermometer shown below? ___________

8.  A glass thermometer is "shaken down" using quick motion of the:

a.   Fingertips.

b.   Wrist.

c.   Forearm.

d.   Elbow.

e.   Whole arm.

9.   Shake down a glass Fahrenheit thermometer until temperature reading is below ___________.

10.  If you are going to use a model of an electric thermometer that you have not used before, you should:

a.   Guess how it works.

b.   Ask the patient if he or she knows how to operate the device.

c.   Read the instructions before using the device.

11.  List the three areas of the body that are normally used to measure the patient's body temperature?

a.  ___________

b. ___________

c. ___________

12.  The bulb of a glass thermometer is long and slender. This thermometer is used to take:

a.   Oral temperatures only.

b.   Rectal temperatures only.

c.   Axillary temperatures only.

d.   Rectal and axillary temperatures.  axillary

e.   Oral and axillary temperatures.

f.   Oral, axillary, and rectal temperatures.

13.  Oral thermometers are color-coded___________ while rectal thermometers are color-coded_____________ .

14.  A rectal temperature reading will be about_____________ than an oral temperature reading for the same patient.

a.   1 F higher.

b.  3 F higher.

c.   1 F lower.

d.   3 F lower.

15.  An axillary temperature reading will be about___________ than an oral temperature reading for the same patient.

a.   1 F higher.

b.   3 F higher.

c.   1 F lower.

d.   3 F lower.

16. Certain conditions or situations contraindicate taking an oral temperature. Place an "X" in the blank in front of each condition which indicates that an oral temperature should not be taken.

a.   ____ The patient is 19 years old.

b.   ____ The patient is unconscious.

c.   ____ The patient can breath through his nose.

d.   ____ The patient is mentally confused.

e.   ____ The nurse tells you that the patient's temperature is to be taken rectally.

f.   ____ The patient finished smoking a cigarette about ten minutes ago.

g. _____ Your orders do not state how the patient's temperature is to be taken.

h. ____ The patient has a cardiac (heart) condition.

17. You have just placed an oral glass thermometer under the patient's tongue and the patient is securing the thermometer's position with his lips. How long should you wait before reading the thermometer?

a.  At least 30 seconds.

b.  At least 1 minute.

c.   At least 3 minutes.

d.  At least 5 minutes.

e.  At least 10 minutes.

f.   At least 30 minutes.

18.  Place an "X" in the blank in front of each condition which contraindicates taking a rectal temperature (that is, indicates that a rectal temperature should not be taken).

a.  ____ The patient has recently undergone oral surgery.

b.  ____ The patient has recently undergone rectal surgery.

c.  ____ The patient has hemorrhoids.

d.  ____ The patient has just finished drinking a hot cup of coffee.

e.  ____ The patient has a cardiac condition.

19.  When taking the rectal temperature of an adult, the thermometer should be inserted to a depth between ___________  and ___________ inches and held in place for ___________ minutes.

20.  When taking the rectal temperature of an infant, the thermometer should be inserted to a depth of ___________  and  ___________ inches and held in place for___________ minutes.

21.   Record the rectal temperature shown below in the following blank.  ___________

22. Before inserting the probe of the electric thermometer into the patient's rectum, the probe cover should be:

a.  Moistened with sterile water.

b.  Lubricated with a jelly or oil.

c.  Removed from the probe.

d.  Wrapped in sterile gauze.

23.  Before inserting the probe of the electric thermometer into the patient's rectum, you should have the patient:

a.  Lie on his side and flex his top knee.

b.  Lie on his side and flex his bottom knee.

c.  Stand up, then bend as far forward as possible.

d.  Lie on his back, bring both knees up to his chest, and wrap both arms around his legs in order to maintain this position.

24.  When taking a patient's axillary temperature, you should leave the thermometer in place for at least __________  minutes.

25.  The thermometers must soak in the disinfecting solution for a minimum of __________ minutes.


Answers to Exercises for Lesson 2

1.   To Determine the Cause of the Patient's Condition. To Determine the Effectiveness of Treatment.

2.   96.8 F; 100.4 F

3.   98.6 F (or 37 C)

4.   Hypothalamus

5.   a

6.   96.2 F

7.   37.7 C

8.   b

9.   94F or 34.4 C

10.  c

11.  Mouth

Armpit

Rectum (or anus)

12.  a

13.  Oral: blue; rectal: red

14.  a

15.  c

16.  X b. X d. X e. X f.

17.  c

18.   X b. X c. X e.

19.   Between 1 and 2 inches; for 2 minutes.

20.   Between 1/2 and 3/4 inches; for 2 minutes.

21.     101.4 or 1014

22.   b

23.   a

24.   10

25.   30

David L. Heiserman, Editor

Copyright   SweetHaven Publishing Services
All Rights Reserved

Revised: June 06, 2015