1-3. PREOPERATIVE PHASE
Although the physician is responsible for explaining the surgical procedure to the patient, the patient may ask the nurse questions about the surgery. There may be specific learning needs about the surgery that the patient and support persons should know. A nursing care plan and a teaching plan should be carried out. During this phase, emphasis is placed on:
a. Assessing and correcting physiological and psychological problems that may increase surgical risk.
b. Giving the patient and significant others complete learning and teaching guidelines regarding the surgery.
c. Instructing and demonstrating exercises that will benefit the patient postoperatively.
d. Planning for discharge and any projected changes in lifestyle due to the surgery.