1. An examination of an orthopedic patient should include an assessment of neurological function. This is done by checking the patient's _____ and _____.
2. Terms used to describe the character of a patient's pain include cramping, throbbing, and shooting. Other terms are _____ and _____.
3. A major advantage in the use of turning frames is _____.
.4. Standard axillary crutches need two adjustments. These adjustments are the _____ and the _____.
5. To avoid self-injury, those engaged in orthopedic nursing must understand and apply .
6. The 4-point crutch-walking gait is used when:
7. Which of the following statements is NOT a reason for application of a cast?
8. You are caring for a patient with a newly applied cast, which of the following actions would be incorrect?
9. A patient's newly casted extremity feels cold and color does not return when the blanching test is performed. This suggests _____.
10. "Petaling" is a technique used to _____.
11. When turning a patient in a spice cast, the patient should be turned with the _____ side uppermost.
12. List five purposes for the use of traction.
13. The basic methods of applying traction are referred to as _____ and _____.
14. Which of the following statements is NOT a correct statement?
15. In _____, there an angle of approximately 20° between the thigh and the bed, with slight flexion of the hip and knee.
16. The combination of skeletal traction and balanced suspension is commonly used to treat _____.
17. An injury to a joint in which ligaments, capsule, and tissue are partially torn or severely stretched is a _____.
18. Fractures occur when a bone is subjected to more _____ than it can absorb.
19. _____ may occur easily from just a slight movement in bones that have become weakened with age or disease.
20. A fracture associated with a large amount of nerve, blood vessel, or soft tissue damage is called a _____ fracture.
21. In what type of fracture are the bone ends wedged or jammed into each other?
22. Pain, false motion, edema, and crepitus are signs of a _____.
23. The process of restoring bone ends to their normal anatomical position is called _____.
24. Casting, splinting, and application of continuous traction are techniques of _____ .
25. The principles of fracture management are _____ and _____.
26. Which of the following is NOT one of the "5 P's" of assessment?
27. This life threatening complication may occur without symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may be presented as substernal pain, dyspnea, apprehension, weak and rapid pulse, or shock. Which of the following was just described?
28. Severe and uncontrolled infection, peripheral vascular disease, and chronic pain may be indications for _____.
29. The two types of amputation procedures are _____ and _____.
30. Proper positioning of the stump postoperatively will prevent _____.
31. Arthritis, gout, and other related diseases can be collectively referred to as _____.
32. One pathological change in patients with rheumatoid arthritis is _____, which is the formation of tissue that adheres to the opposite joint surface, inhibiting motion.
33. _____ is also known as degenerative joint disease.
34. A pathological change in the affected joints of patients with osteoarthritis is _____.
of cartilage and synovial membrane.
35. Primary, is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to properly metabolize purines. This inability results in deposit of _____ in the joint and connective tissues.
36. Drugs used to relieve pain of mild to moderate intensity and reduce body temperature in selected febrile conditions are _____ drugs.
37. _____ drugs are used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
38. Two opium alkaloids widely used in the practice of medicine are _____ and _____.
39. Seizures, breathing difficulties, and respiratory depression may be serious adverse reactions to:
40. Naloxone hydrochloride is an opioid _____; it can reverse opioid-induced respiratory depression and should be kept on the nursing unit where opioid medications are used.
1. Reflexes, sensation, motor ability
2. Sharp, dull, piercing
3. The prevention of complications
4. Length of the crutch, position of the hand grip
5. Principles of body mechanics
9. Impaired arterial circulation
10. Finish a cast
11. Affected (bad )
12. To reduce and immobilize fractures
To prevent fracture deformities
To relieve muscles spasm
To reduce pain
To help regain normal length and alignment
13. Skin traction, skeletal traction
16. Fractures of the femoral shaft
19. Pathological fractures
24. External fixation
25. Reduction, immobilization, rehabilitation
29. Open (or guillotine) and closed (or flap)
31. Connective tissue disorders
32. Fibrous ankylosis
34. Thinning, thickened
35. Gout, urate crystals
36. Nonnarcotic analgesic/antipyretic
37. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
38. Morphine, codeine
End of the Course