Exercises for Part 1

1 through 11. Identify the heart structures in the figure below.

12. The two fluid transportation systems of the circulatory system are theand the .

13. The chambers of the heart are lined with .

14. Blood from the upper part of the body enters the heart through a blood vessel called the .

15. Blood flows from the right ventricle into the .

16. Systemic circulation starts from the , and the pulmonary circulation starts from the .

17. The heart gets its blood supply from the .

18. The wave of expansion and recoil of an artery associated with the heartbeat is called the .

19. Cardiac fluoroscopy is used to show the heart in .

20. The procedure in which a radiopaque catheter is manipulated through the heart is called .

21. The graphic recording of the electrical impulses produced by the heart is called an _.

22. The five major waves of the ECG are: , , _, , and

23. Which ECG wave represents atrial depolarization?

a. T
b. P
c. R
d. Q

24. Which ECG wave represents electrical recovery of the ventricles?

a. P
b. R
c. T
d. S

25. The chest lead that is placed over the 5th intercostal space at the midclavicular line is the _____.

26. The difference between the apical and radial pulse is called the _____.

27. _____ is the force or strength of the pulse.

28. List three terms used to describe the volume or force of a pulse.

29. Which of the following is NOT a factor that may affect pulse rate?

a. Body temperature.
b. Blood pressure.
c. Digestion.
d. Pain.
e. None of the above.

30. The pressure that occurs during contraction of the ventricles is called _____.

31. Fear, anger, or anxiety will cause blood pressure to _____.

32. The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures is called the _____.

33. The condition in which the coronary arteries cannot deliver adequate food supply to the heart is referred to as _____.

34. Which of the following is NOT a modifiable risk factor?

a. Cigarette smoking.
b. Weight.
c. Sex.
d. Stress.

35. _____ is the most common form of arteriosclerosis.

36. A clinical syndrome of ischemic heart disease, in which pain occurs in the chest or adjacent areas, is called _____

37. The pain of angina usually occurs during and is relieved with _____ .

38. A non-transmural myocardial infarction involves ______

39. _____ is the greatest threat to life in the first hours after a myocardial infarction.

40. The clinical condition in which inadequate cardiac output results in poor perfusion of organ system is called _____

41. When increased pressure in the pulmonary vessels causes fluid to leak into the interstitial lung tissue, _____ occurs.

42. The condition manifested by neck vein distention and body edema is called _____

43. Hypertension that has no identifiable cause is referred to as _____ hypertension.

44. For a cardiovascular surgical patient, poor _____ result in increased anxiety, which leads to a slower recovery.

45. Cramping pain in the calf and the appearance of swelling or redness along a vein are signs of _____.

46. Compression of the heart from fluid accumulation in the pericardial sac is called ______.

47. Why is it essential for paraprofessional nursing staff to be familiar with the layout of a crash cart? .

48. What does the recorder do during a "code?" .

49. Sudden, sharp, stabbing chest pain and violent coughing in a post-operative  CV surgical patient may indicate the present of _____.

50. Right sided heart failure without left sided failure is called _____.


Solutions to Exercises for Part 1

1. Pulmonary vein
2. Right atrium.
3. Pulmonary valve.
4. Tricuspid valve.
5. Right ventricle
6. Aorta.
7. Pulmonary artery.
8. Left atrium.
10. Aortic valve.
11. Left ventricle.
12. Cardiovascular system, lymphatic system.
13. Endocardium or endocardial tissue
14. Superior vena cava.  
15. Pulmonary artery.
16. Left ventricle; right ventricle.
17. Coronary arteries.
18. Pulse.
19. In action
20. Cardiac catheterization.
21. Electrocardiogram.
22. P, Q, R, S, T.
23. b.
24. c.
25. V4 lead.  
26. Pulse deficit.
27. Pulse volume.  
28. Weak, thready, feeble, bounding, full, or strong.
29. e.
30. Systolic
31. Increase
32. Pulse pressure.
33. CAD
34. c.
35. Atherosclerosis.
36. Angina pectoris.
37. Exertion; rest.
38. Only partial thickness of the myocardial muscle.  
39. Ventricular fibrillation.
40. Heart failure.
41. Pulmonary edema.  
42. Congestive heart failure.
43. Primary or essential.  
44. Coping mechanisms.
45. Thrombophlebitis.
46. Cardiac tamponade.
47. To save time in an emergency.  
48. Chart the exact time of each drug given and each procedure performed.
49. Embolism.
50. Corpulmonale.