After completing your work with this section, you should be able to:
- Compute medication dosages for tablets, pills, and capsules.
- Compute oral medication dosages for prepared strength liquids.
- Compute dosages for parenteral medications.
- Compute dosages for medications manufactured in standardized units.
- Compute medication dosages based on body weight.
- Compute continuous intravenous infusion rates.
- Compute intravenous infusion rates for medication.
Information in Physician's Medication Orders
- Date and time the order is written
- Name of the medication
- Dosage of the medication
- Directions for administration
- IM: intramuscular or intramuscularly
- IV: intravenous or intravenously
- PO (or po): by mouth
- SC (or SQ): subcutaneous or subcutaneously
- p.r.: per rectum or rectally
- Time interval or frequency
- q 4h: every 4 hours
- b.i.d.: twice a day
- p.r.n.: if needed, as needed
- q.d.: every day, daily
- q.i.d.: 4 times a day
- q.o.d.: every other day
- t.i.d. : 3 times a day
The Five "Rights" of Medication Administration