Skill Trades: Building and
The knowledge you need and the skills to be mastered
General Construction Trades require individuals to apply technical
knowledge and skills in the building, inspecting, and maintaining of structures
and related properties. May include masonry, carpentry,
electrical and power transmission installation, building/construction finishing,
management, inspection and other construction-related applications.
Masonry require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills in the laying and/or setting of exterior brick, concrete block, hard
tile, marble and related materials, using trowels, levels, hammers, chisels, and
other hand tools. Study topics include technical mathematics, blueprint
reading, structural masonry, decorative masonry, foundations, reinforcement,
mortar preparation, cutting and finishing, and applicable codes and standards.
Carpentry require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to lay out, cut, fabricate, erect, install, and repair wooden structures
and fixtures, using hand and power tools. Study topics include technical
mathematics, framing, construction materials and selection, job estimating,
blueprint reading, foundations and roughing-in, finish carpentry techniques, and
applicable codes and standards.
Electrical and Power Transmission Installation generally
require individuals to apply technical
knowledge and skills to install indoor and outdoor residential, commercial, and
industrial electrical systems, and associated power transmission lines. Study
topics include electricity, safety procedures, wiring, insulation and grounding,
schematic blueprint interpretation, equipment operation and maintenance, and
applicable codes and standards.
Electrical Systems Installation, Operation, and Servicing require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to install, operate, maintain, and repair electric apparatus and systems
such as residential, commercial, and industrial electric-power wiring; and DC
and AC motors, controls, and electrical distribution panels. Study topics
include the principles of electronics and electrical systems, wiring,
power transmission, safety, industrial and household appliances, job estimation,
electrical testing and inspection, and applicable codes and standards.
Electrical Line Installation, Operation, and Servicing require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to install, operate, maintain and repair local, long-distance, and rural
electric power cables and communication lines; erect and construct pole and
tower lines; and install underground lines and cables. Study topics include
cable installation and repair, fibre-optic technology, trenching, mobile
equipment and crane operation, high-voltage installations, maintenance and
inspection, safety, remote communications, and applicable codes and standards.
Building/Property Maintenance require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to keep a building functioning, and to service a variety of structures
including commercial and industrial buildings and mobile homes. Study topics
include the basic maintenance and repair skills required to service
building systems, such as air conditioning, heating, plumbing, electrical, major
appliances, and other mechanical systems.
Concrete Finishing require individuals to prepare, construct, and
finish buildings, components, and related structures using compound masonry
mixtures of stone, gravel, sand, cement, and water. Study topics include site
preparation, applied mathematics, mixing formulas and applications, job
estimation, concrete design, finishing techniques, mold preparation,
reinforcement installation, site safety, and equipment operation and
Building/Home Construction Inspection require individuals to apply industrial, labor, and
governmental standards and laws to the oversight of construction projects and
the maintenance of completed buildings and other structures. Study topics
include construction processes and techniques, materials analysis,
occupational safety and health, industry standards, building codes and
specifications, blueprint interpretation, testing equipment and procedures,
communication skills, accident investigation, and documentation.
Drywall Installation require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to install, tape, and plaster drywall installations in interior and
exterior construction jobs. Study topics include drywall handling and
transport, cutting and mounting, taping and spackling, finishing, job analysis
and estimation, site safety, tool operation and maintenance, blueprint and
specification interpretation, and applicable codes and standards.
Glazing require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to install and repair fixtures, sheets, windows, and skylights made of
glass, plexiglass, and other transparent materials. Study topics include site
measurement, job analysis and estimation, material cutting and trimming, window
and door installation, site safety, equipment operation and maintenance,
specification interpretation, and applicable codes and standards.
Painting require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to finish exterior and interior structural surfaces by applying
protective or decorative coating materials, such as paint, lacquer, and
wallpaper. Study topics include surface preparation; selecting, preparing,
and applying paints and other coatings; hanging wallpaper; equipment operation
and maintenance; finish selection; safety and clean-up; environmental effects on
finishes; adhesion properties; and applicable codes and standards..
Roofing require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to prepare, install, and maintain exterior roofing materials and roofs.
Study topics include building materials, flashing, lag bolts, site safety,
equipment operation and maintenance, layering, site preparation, basic internal
structural design, finishing, waterproofing, and applicable codes and standards.
Metal Building Assembly require individuals to construct industrial,
storage, and commercial metal structures using prefabricated framing and siding
components. Study topics include sheet metal working, ironworking, assembly
and fastening techniques, blueprint reading, site preparation, structural design
principles, safety, and applicable codes and regulations.
Building/Construction Site Management require individuals to
supervise, manage, and inspect construction sites, buildings, and associated
facilities. Study topics include site safety, personnel supervision, labor
relations, diversity training, construction documentation, scheduling, resource
and cost control, bid strategies, rework prevention, construction insurance and
bonding, accident management and investigation, applicable law and regulations,
and communication skills.
Carpet, Floor, and Tile Installation require individuals to plan, prepare, install, and
repair carpet; linoleum; vinyl; ceramic, marble, quarry, mosaic, and terazzo
tiles; and wood materials on floors, walls, and stairs. Study topics include
measuring, cutting, and installing materials; use of hand and power-operated
equipment; estimation of material and labor costs; and safety training.
Insulation Installation require individuals to apply insulation materials to
pipes, boilers, ducts, refrigeration systems, and related equipment to reduce
the passage of heat, cold, sound, or fire. Study topics include insulation
specifications, measuring and cutting insulating material, applying and securing
insulation, installing vapor barriers, insulation system maintenance, asbestos
removal and abatement, and safety training.
Building Construction Technology require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to residential and commercial building construction and remodeling.
Study topics include construction equipment and safety; site preparation and
layout; construction estimating; blueprint reading; building codes; framing;
masonry; heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; electrical and mechanical
systems; interior and exterior finishing; and plumbing.
Pipefitting require individuals to design, install, and test
industrial and commercial piping systems and automatic fire and exposure
protection systems. Study topics include water systems, steam systems,
heating and cooling systems, lubricating systems, piping materials, installation
tools operation and maintenance, valve installation and repair, technical
mathematics, blueprint interpretation, and applicable codes and standards.
Plumbing Technology require individuals to practice as licensed plumbers
by applying technical knowledge and skills to lay out, assemble, install, and
maintain piping fixtures and systems for steam, natural gas, oil, hot water,
heating, cooling, drainage, lubricating, sprinkling, and industrial processing
systems in home and business environments. Study topics include source
determination, water distribution, waster removal, pressure adjustment, basic
physics, technical mathematics, blueprint reading, pipe installation, pumps,
welding and soldering, plumbing inspection, and applicable codes and standards.
Well Drilling require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to set up, maintain, repair, and operate well drilling equipment; locate,
drill, construct, and develop water, gas, and oil wells; and test and monitor
wells to ensure adequate flow. Study topics include applications to home, business, and
Blasting is a program that require individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills in using a variety of explosive materials to aid in the construction
process. Study topics include safety procedures for storing, handling,
placement, charge power determination, drilling, pounding, building demolition,
preparing rocky surfaces
Welding programs prepare individuals to apply technical knowledge and
skills to join or cut metal surfaces. Studies include instruction in arc
welding, resistance welding, brazing and soldering, cutting, high-energy beam
welding and cutting, solid state welding, ferrous and non-ferrous materials,
oxidation-reduction reactions, welding metallurgy, welding processes and heat
treating, structural design, safety, and applicable codes and standards.
Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration (HVACR)
programs prepare individuals to apply technical knowledge and skills to
repair, install, service and maintain the operating condition of heating, air
conditioning, and refrigeration systems. Studies include instruction in
diagnostic techniques, the use of testing equipment and the principles of
mechanics, electricity, and electronics as they relate to the repair of heating,
air conditioning and refrigeration systems.