Fundamentals of
SCALES AND KEY SIGNATURES

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3. Pentatonic Major Scale.

a. A Pentatonic Major scale is constructed starting on the first degree of a Major scale. A Pentatonic Major scale contains the tonic (1), supertonic (2), mediant (3), dominant (5), and the submediant (6) of a Major scale (Figure 5-4).


Figure5-4: Scale Degrees in Pentatonic Major.

b. The Pentatonic Major scale corresponds to a black key scale on the keyboard from G to G (Figure 5-5).


Figure 5-5: G flat Pentatonic Major Scale on Piano Keyboard.

c. The tones omitted are the tendency tones in a Major Scale: the subdominant (4) and the leading tone (7).

 


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