fra0101 Summary of Complex Numbers for Electronics Technology

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Rectangular Form

 This is the  formal expression for adding complex numbers: (a +jb) + (c +jd) = a + c +j(b + d)

The procedure for adding two complex numbers in rectangular form is fairly straightforward.

Here are two different complex numbers:

2 +j4 and 1 +j3

Here is how to show that the two values are to be added:

(2 +j4) + (1 +j3)

To add these numbers, first add the real parts (2 +j4) + (1 +j3):

2 + 1 = 3

Then add the imaginary parts (2 +j4) + (1 +j3):

j4 + j3 = j7

Putting together the real and imaginary parts of the sums:

3 + j7

So the overall result is:

(2 + j4) + (1 +j3) = 3 +j7

Learn By Doing More Examples

1. (1 + j2) + (3 +j4) = 4 + j6
2. (3 +j3) + (4 +j8) = 7 +j11
3. j2 + (3 +j4) = 3 +j6
4. 4 + (1 +2j) = 5 +2j
5. j3 + j2 = j5
6. (2 +j5) + (1 -j3) = 3 +j2
7. (2 -j5) + (1 +j3) = 3 -j2
8. (-1 +j2) + (3 +j4) = 2 +j6
9. -j2 + (3 -j4) = 3 -j6
10. (1 -j2) + (-1 -j4) = -j6