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1.10. TURBOJET

The turbojet is the engine in most common use today in high-speed, high-altitude aircraft, not in Army aircraft. With this engine, air is drawn in by a compressor which raises internal pressures many times over atmospheric pressure. The compressed air then passes into a combustion chamber where it is mixed with fuel to be ignited and burned. Burning the fuel-air mixture expands the gas, which is accelerated out the rear as a high-velocity jet-stream. In the turbine section of the engine, the hot expanded gas rotates a turbine wheel which furnishes power to keep the compressor going. The gas turbine engine operates on the principle of intake, compression, power, and exhaust, but unlike the reciprocating engine, these events are continuous. Approximately two-thirds of the total energy developed within the combustion chamber is absorbed by the turbine wheel to sustain operation of the compressor. The remaining energy is discharged from the rear of the engine as a high velocity jet, the reaction to which is thrust or forward movement of the engine. The turbojet is shown schematically in figure 1.3.

Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine
Figure 1.3. Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine.

 

David L. Heiserman, Editor

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Revised: June 06, 2015