This is a program that focuses on the scientific study of the relationships
and interactions of small-scale biological systems, such as organisms, to each
other, to complex and whole systems, and to the physical and other
non-biological aspects of their environments.
Includes instruction in
biogeochemistry; landscape and/or marine/aquatic dynamics; decomposition; global
and regional elemental budgets; biotic and abiotic regulation of nutrient
cycles; ecophysiology; ecosystem resilience, disturbance, and succession;
community and habitat dynamics; organismal interactions (co-evolution,
competition, predation); paleoecology; and evolutionary ecology.