Exercises for Lesson 3

1. Which of the following signs and symptoms of pregnancy is one of the earliest clues of pregnancy?

a. Morning sickness.

b. Vaginal changes.

c. Breast changes.

d. Amenorrhea.

2. Nausea and vomiting usually occurs:

a. At night.

b. Early morning.

c. Mid afternoons.

d. No specific time.

3. Frequent urination is not considered a definite sign of pregnancy because other factors can be apparent. The factors include:

a. Tension, diabetes, urinary tract infection, or tumors.

b. Influenza, encephalitis, appendicitis, or indigestion.

c. Anxiety and anorexia nervosa.

d. Excessive exercise.

4. Changes of the breast during early pregnancy are distinguished by:

a. Darkening of the areola.

b. Fullness and mild tingling.

c. Increased firmness and tenderness.

d. Enlargement of the Montgomery glands.

5. Some vaginal changes occur during pregnancy. These changes are the _______ and _______.

6. _____ is a black line in the midline of the abdomen that may run from the sternum or umbilicus to the symphysis pubis.

For exercises 7 through 15. Match the items in Column A with the correct definition or statement as listed in Column B. Place the letter of the correct answer in the space ovided to the left of Column A.


______ 7. Quickening a. Probable sign of pregnancy.

______ 8 Grandmultipara b. A woman who has been

pregnant more than once.

______ 9. Stretch marks

c. Feeling of life.

_____ 10. Primigravida

d. Cessation of menstruation.

_____.11. Chloasma

e. Striae gravidarum.

_____.12. Fatigue

f. Mask of pregnancy.

_____ 13. Multigravida

g. A woman who has had six or

_____ 14. Hegar's sign more births past age if viability.

_____.15. Amenorrhea h. Presumptive sign of pregnancy.

i. A woman pregnant for the first


For exercises 16 through 25. Each of the following phrases is closely related to a body part and is one of the signs or symptoms of pregnancy. Fill in the blanks opposite each phrase by writing the body part or action and the correct sign or symptom category.


Fetal movement in the uterus. quickening/presumptive

Softening of the lower uterine

gment just above the cervix. uterine/probable

16. Marks on the abdomen and/or buttocks. ________/__________

17. Ballottement. ________/__________

18. Enlargement of the Montgomery glands ________/__________

19. An increase in the white or slightly gray mucoid discharge that has a faint, musty odor. ________/__________.

20. Can be heard with a doppler by weeks of pregnancy. ________/__________

21. Marked softening of the cervix. ________/__________

22. Entire fetus head, back, and upper/lower body parts. ________/__________

23. Painless uterine contractions throughout pregnancy. ________/__________

24. Gestation sac can be seen and photographed. _________/__________

25. Presence of colostrum. ________/__________

Answers to Exercises for Lesson 3

1. d

2. b

3. a

4. b

5. Chadwick's sign and Leukorrhea

6. Linea nigra

7. c

8. g

9. e

10. i

11. f

12. h

13. b

14. a

15. d

16. skin/presumptive

17. uterine/probable

18. breast/presumptive

19. vaginal/presumptive

20. fetal heart sounds/positive

21. cervical/probable

22. palpation of the entire fetus/positive

23. cervical/probable

24. ultrasound scanning of the fetus/positive

25. breast/presumptive

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